Garlic has been used since ancient times not only because of its specific taste, but also because of its various and numerous healing properties.
The garlic we normally use is only a species in the onion genus, Allium, called Allium sativum. Moreover, its relatives are leek, onion, garlic, shallot, chive and rakkyo.
Here are all the garlic types and their beneficial effects on our health:
Garlic also has anti-inflammatory properties and contains Manganese and vitamin C which act against flu and colds. Garlic is abundant in chromium, which is an essential mineral that plays a role in the way insulin helps the body regulate glucose levels. Hence, it is of vital importance in case of diabetes. Moreover, pyridoxine and vitamin B found in garlic are effective against neurotic conditions.
Many people ignore the fact that leek contains folic acid which has a major role in preserving overall health. The most important vitamins in folic acid are B-complex vitamins, which are proven to protect the heart and maintain the level of homocysteine in the body. Leek is also rich in bioflavonoids kaempferol, which protects the blood vessels. Plus, polyphenol defends the blood vessels from damaging oxidation.
Similarly to leeks, onions improve the health of the blood system and protect the body from cancer. The extract of onion has antibacterial properties and also contains numerous sulfides which prevent tumor growth. The regular consumption of onions strengthens your immune system, keeps bacteria away and protects from cold and flu.
Garlic Mustard (Brassicaceae)
Garlic Mustard is especially rich in vitamin A which acts as a strong antioxidant and protects the body from mouth, lung and throat cancer. It also includes a large concentration of electrolytes and minerals like calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron and copper. This type is even richer in nutrients than the other types, as it contains more vitamins, antioxidants and minerals than the common garlic.
Chives can keep the body vital and acts against fatigue, as it includes iron and vitamin C. It can protect against numerous diseases, just like its other relatives.
Young garlic is abundant in vitamins C and K which are crucial for proper bone development. Namely, vitamin K plays a major role in maintaining the bone density, and vitamin C helps in collagen production that improves the bone strength and increases the usage of calcium from food.
Young garlic is also proven to be able to protect the body from inflammations, and the sulfide or sulfur compounds it contains, reduce the risk of developing colon cancer, Furthermore, it is also a rich source of vitamin A which improves the eyesight.